Imaging characteristics of stasis leg ulcers (SLUs) are not easily demonstrated through existing diagnostic tools. Early diagnosis and treatment are crucial. This pilot study was conducted to assess the quantitative flow (QFlow) in triggered angiography noncontrast enhanced (TRANCE) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to identify the hemodynamics of victims with stasis leg ulcers (SLUs). This study included 33 patients with SLUs and 14 healthy controls (HC). The 33 patients with SLUs were divided into a reflux (15 patients) and a nonreflux group (18 patients). QFlow was done in the reflux, the nonreflux, and the HC. The stroke volume (SV), forward flow volume (FFV), absolute flow volume (AFV), mean flow (MF), and mean velocity (MV) were higher in the reflux than in the HC group in most segments, namely the external iliac vein (EIV), popliteal vein (PV), and great saphenous vein (GSV) (SV, p = 0.008; FFV, p = 0.008; absolute stroke volume (ASV), p = 0.008; MF, p = 0.002; MV, p = 0.009). No differences in the QFlow patterns were found in the GSV segment between the nonreflux group and the HC. Excellent performance in discriminating SLU with superficial venous reflux was reported for SV in the EIV and the PV (area under the curve (AUC) = 0.851 and 0.872), FFV in the EIV and PV (AUC = 0.854 and 0.869), ASV in the EIV and PV (AUC = 0.848 and 0.881), and MF in the EIV and PV (AUC = 0.866 and 0.868). The cutoff levels of SV/FFV/ASV/MF in the EIV/FV/PV/GSV for discriminating the SLU with superficial venous reflux were identified (p < 0.005). In conclusion, SLUs present different QFlow patterns by different etiol-ogy. The QFlow parameters of all vessel segments were higher in the morbid limbs of the reflux group than HC. The GSV segment of the nonreflux group displayed a pattern like the HC.
- Stasis leg ulcer