A Novel Cue-Induced Abdominal Reaction Analysis for Internet Gaming Disorder

Hong Ming Ji, Tzu-Chien Hsiao*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Individuals with Internet gaming disorder (IGD) frequently play online games to achieve satisfaction. Numerous signal processing questions regarding the negative consequences and characteristic respiration in a long-term sitting posture remain unanswered. This study recruited 50 individuals with high-risk and low-risk IGD (HIGD and LIGD); these participants were taught to perform a specific respiration during game-film stimuli. The instantaneous frequencies on abdominal movement (fDF) were calculated with ensemble empirical mode decomposition (EEMD). The difference value (ΔfDF) between rest and stimulus statuses was calculated and found that HIGD showed ΔfDF values of 0.060 during positive stimuli and 0.055 during negative stimuli before the exercise but 0.020 and 0.016, respectively, after the exercise. However, the ΔfDF value for those with LIGD during negative stimuli before the exercise was 0.013, and it increased to 0.025 after the exercise. This is the first approach to IGD discrimination toward abdominal response with EEMD.

Original languageEnglish
Article number94
JournalJournal of Medical Systems
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2019


  • Abdominal muscle
  • Abdominal respiration
  • Abdominal wall movement
  • Ensemble empirical mode decomposition
  • Internet gaming disorder


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