A low-temperature specific heat study has been performed on the insulating giant dielectric constant material CaCu3Ti4O12 and two related compounds, Bi2/3Cu3Ti4O 12 and La0.5Na0.5Cu3Ti 4O12, from 0.6 to 10 K. From analyzing the specific heat data in a very low-temperature range, 0.6-1.5 K, and moderately low-temperature range, 1.5-5 K, in addition to the expected Debye terms, we observed significant contributions originating from the linear and Einstein terms, which we attributed as the manifestation of low-lying elementary excitations due to lattice vibrations occurring at the grain boundaries and induced by local defects. Together with the findings on electronic and mechanical properties, a phenomenological model is proposed to explain the high dielectric constant behavior in both low and high frequency regions.
|Original language||American English|
|Journal||Journal of Physics Condensed Matter|
|State||Published - 16 Jul 2008|