A highly selective chromogenic and fluorogenic chemodosimeter for dual detection of Cu2+ based on a redox-active calix[4]arene with isoxazolylchloroanthracene

Kai Chi Chang*, Chan Yu Chen, Chin Yun Hsu, Li Wei Lee, Wen Sheng Chung*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Calix[4]arene 1, with two lower-rim isoxazolylchloroanthracene groups, is shown to be not only a chromogenic but also a fluorogenic chemodosimeter for the selective sensing of Cu2+. The binding properties of ligand 1 and control compounds 2 and 3 toward metal ions in CH3CN/CHCl3 (v/v, 1 : 1) were investigated by UV-vis and fluorescence spectroscopy. The results showed that only ligand 1 was highly selective for Cu2+ ions. When complexed with Cu2+, ligand 1 displayed a new absorption band around 435 nm and the color of the solution changed from colorless to yellow. Furthermore, the fluorescence of ligand 1 was severely quenched by Cu2+ and the limit of detection (LOD) was determined to be 1.674 μM. Therefore, compound 1 is not only a chromogenic but also a fluorogenic sensor for the detection of Cu2+ ions over other metal ions examined. When complexed with ligand 1, Cu2+ was reduced to Cu+ by the free phenolic-OH of ligand 1 and concurrently the phenol was oxidized by Cu2+ to quinones. The 1H NMR, EPR, and FTIR spectra provided evidence for the redox behavior of ligand 1 with Cu2+. The isolation of calix[4]diquinone 8 and Cu(CH3CN)4ClO4 from the reaction of ligand 1 with Cu(ClO4)2 confirmed their redox reaction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5105-5112
Number of pages8
JournalAnalyst
Volume147
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - 11 Oct 2022

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