A first-principles study on the sublimation/decomposition of NH4ClO4

R. S. Zhu, Ming-Chang Lin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

We have studied the kinetics and mechanism for the sublimation/decomposition of NH4ClO4 by first-principles calculations using generalized gradient approximation in the plane-wave density functional theory. Supercells containing 4, 8, 16 NH4ClO4 units were used, the predicted sublimation energy for solid NH4ClO4 to gaseous NH3 and HClO4 is around 45.0 & plusmn; 1.5 kcal/mol. The proton transfer barrier in the crystal matrix was calculated to be 31.3 kcal/mol and the HO-ClO3 dissociation in the crystal environment needs 77.3 kcal/mol energy which is close to the values 73.1, 75.0 and 76.9 kcal/mol obtained from AP decomposition by the PCM model, the latter three cases involve 0, 1, and 2 H2O molecules in the system, respectively. The result of statistical-theory calculation indicates that the decomposition of a H3N& middot;& middot;HClO4 molecular complex from the relaxed surface is the rate-controlling step. The decomposition rate constant can be presented as kdec.= 6.528& times;1012 exp (-28.75kcal/mol/RT) s-1 which is in reasonable agreement with the experimental data. This calculation further confirms that the activation energy for the sublimation process is significantly lower than the enthalpic change and that the molecular complex of NH3 and HClO4 desorbs concurrently as a pair.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFall Technical Meeting of the Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute 2007 "Chemical and Physical Processes in Combustion"
PublisherCombustion Institute
Pages605-609
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9781604239454
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2007
EventFall Technical Meeting of the Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute 2007: Chemical and Physical Processes in Combustion - Charlottesville, United States
Duration: 21 Oct 200724 Oct 2007

Publication series

NameFall Technical Meeting of the Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute 2007 "Chemical and Physical Processes in Combustion"

Conference

ConferenceFall Technical Meeting of the Eastern States Section of the Combustion Institute 2007: Chemical and Physical Processes in Combustion
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityCharlottesville
Period21/10/0724/10/07

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