A delphi study on the healthcare needs of patients with type 1 diabetes during the transition from adolescence to adulthood: Consensus among patients, primary caregivers, and healthcare providers

Yuehtao Chiang*, Peikwei Tsay, Chiwen Chen, Chienlung Hsu, Hsingyi Yu, Chiwen Chang, Fusung Lo, Philip Moons

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus at the age of 16–25 face the challenges of the deterioration of disease control and accelerated exacerbation. Providing interventions that meet patient’s healthcare needs can reduce the impact and improve health outcome. The purpose of this study was to identify the healthcare needs of patients with type 1 diabetes during the adolescence to adulthood transition period from the perspectives of patients, parents and healthcare providers. A two-round Delphi study was conducted among 48 participants, and included 17 patients, 16 primary caregivers, and 15 healthcare providers. The central tendency and dispersion were computed to establish a consensus. Seventy-one healthcare needs were identified across five dimensions— technology, external support, internal support, management, and healthcare—and 56 were considered as important healthcare needs and with a moderate to high level of agreement. Meanwhile, patients, primary caregivers, and healthcare providers were found to display significantly different opinions (p < 0.05) for 23 healthcare needs. This study concluded the consensus of the healthcare needs of patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus during the adolescence to adulthood transition period from a systematic investigation. The findings can serve as reference for developing transitional intervention strategies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7149
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Volume18
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2021

Keywords

  • Delphi methods
  • Healthcare need
  • Type 1 diabetes

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