A Current-Mode Dual-Slope CMOS Temperature Sensor

Chung-Chih Hung, Hsing Chien Chu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


A current-mode dual-slope CMOS temperature sensor is presented in this paper. It employs a proportional-to-absolute-temperature (PTAT) current generator, which operates in the sub-threshold region, and a novel temperature-insensitive CMOS inverter, replacing a traditional voltage comparator for power saving, to create PTAT pulsewidth. A binary counter is then utilized to quantize the pulse to a digital output value. It achieves a temperature inaccuracy of -3.39 °C-2 °C over the common industrial temperature range from -40 °C to 85 °C for five measured chip samples by utilizing the second-order curvature correction, and an average temperature resolution of 0.259 °C/LSB. The conversion rate of the digital output data is 3.5 kSa/s. The 2 V supply voltage is utilized and the total power dissipation is 14.286 μ W, leading to 4.082-nJ/Sa energy efficiency and 0.274-nJ °C< ±0.5-ppm frequency stability 2< ±0.5-ppm frequency stability resolution figure of merit (FoM). It was fabricated by the TSMC 0.35- μ m CMOS process, and the core area occupies 0.0345 mm< ±0.5-ppm frequency stability 2< ±0.5-ppm frequency stability . The utilized dual-slope architecture has the advantages of compactness, power-saving, and high design flexibility.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7362102
Pages (from-to)1898-1907
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Sensors Journal
Issue number7
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2016


  • Temperature sensors
  • dual-slope
  • inverter-based comparator
  • subthreshold PTAT
  • temperature-to-digital


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