A 24-year longitudinal study of Klebsiella pneumoniae isolated from patients with bacteraemia and urinary tract infections reveals the association between capsular serotypes, antibiotic resistance, and virulence gene distribution

Cheng Yen Kao, Yen Zhen Zhang, Carl Jay Ballena Bregente, Pei Yun Kuo, Pek Kee Chen, Jo Yen Chao, Tran Thi Thuy Duong, Ming Cheng Wang, Tran Thi Dieu Thuy, Jazon Harl Hidrosollo, Pei Fang Tsai, Ying Chi Li, Wei Hung Lin*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Longitudinal studies on the variations of phenotypic and genotypic characteristics of K. pneumoniae across two decades are rare. We aimed to determine the antimicrobial susceptibility and virulence factors for K. pneumoniae isolated from patients with bacteraemia or urinary tract infection (UTI) from 1999 to 2022. A total of 699 and 1,267 K. pneumoniae isolates were isolated from bacteraemia and UTI patients, respectively, and their susceptibility to twenty antibiotics was determined; PCR was used to identify capsular serotypes and virulence-associated genes. K64 and K1 serotypes were most frequently observed in UTI and bacteraemia, respectively, with an increasing frequency of K20, K47, and K64 observed in recent years. entB and wabG predominated across all isolates and serotypes; the least frequent virulence gene was htrA. Most isolates were susceptible to carbapenems, amikacin, tigecycline, and colistin, with the exception of K20, K47, and K64 where resistance was widespread. The highest average number of virulence genes was observed in K1, followed by K2, K20, and K5 isolates, which suggest their contribution to the high virulence of K1. In conclusion, we found that the distribution of antimicrobial susceptibility, virulence gene profiles, and capsular types of K. pneumoniae over two decades were associated with their clinical source.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere155
JournalEpidemiology and Infection
Volume151
DOIs
StatePublished - 7 Sep 2023

Keywords

  • K. pneumoniae
  • antimicrobial susceptibility
  • bacteraemia
  • capsule serotype
  • urinary tract infection
  • virulence factor

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