3D Visible Light-Based Indoor Positioning System Using Two-Stage Neural Network (TSNN) and Received Intensity Selective Enhancement (RISE) to Alleviate Light Non-Overlap Zones

Li Sheng Hsu, Chi Wai Chow*, Yang Liu, Chien Hung Yeh

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

The high precision three-dimensional (3D) visible light-based indoor positioning (VLIP) systems have gained much attention recently for people or robot navigation, access tracking, etc. In this work, we put forward and present the first demonstration, up to the authors’ knowledge, of a 3D VLIP system utilizing a two-stage neural network (TSNN) model. The positioning performance would degrade when the distance between the light emitting diode (LED) plane and the receiver (Rx) plane increases; however, because of the finite LED field-of-view (FOV), light non-overlap zones are created. These light non-overlap zones will produce high positioning error particularly for the 3D VLIP systems. Here, we also propose and demonstrate the Received-Intensity-Selective-Enhancement scheme, known as RISE, to alleviate the light non-overlap zones in the VLIP system. In a practical test-room with dimensions of 200 × 150 × 300 cm3, the experimental results show that the mean errors in the training and testing data sets are reduced by 54.1% and 27.9% when using the TSNN model with RISE in the z-direction, and they are reduced by 39.1% and 37.8% in the xy-direction, respectively, when comparing that with using a one stage NN model only. At the cumulative distribution function (CDF) P90, the TSNN model with RISE can reduce the errors by 36.78% when compared with that in the one stage NN model.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8817
JournalSensors
Volume22
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2022

Keywords

  • light emitting diode (LED)
  • machine learning
  • optical wireless communication (OWC)
  • visible light communication (VLC)
  • visible light positioning (VLP)

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