3D On-Demand Flying Mobile Communication for Millimeter Wave Heterogeneous Networks

Kai-Ten Feng*, Li Hsiang Shen, Chi Yu Li, Po-Tsang Huang, Sau-Hsuan Wu, Li-Chun Wang, Yi-Bing Lin, Mau-Chung Chang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Millimeter wave (mmWave) technology achieving multi-gigabits speed plays a significant role in beyond 5G and the next 6G wireless communication networks thanks to its huge spectrum utilization and beam-based directional transmissions. To tackle temporary ultra-high data demands of hotspot areas, three-dimensional (3D) heterogeneous network (HetNet) is designed with the integration of mmWave unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) to provide resilient instantaneous control and data transmissions. However, some critical beam-related issues for mmWave implementation of UAVs/drones are addressed including robust initial beam alignment, mobility-aware beam tracking and beam refinement. In this research, we aim at developing robust and efficient beam control mechanisms by implementing a prototype of 3D flying heterogeneous communications. The backhaul connections operate at mmWave frequency between airship and UAV/drone, while fronthaul links adopt lower frequency bands such as Wi-Fi for multiuser data transmissions. We evaluate system performances for our proposed beam control schemes and provide a real-time prototype of 3D on-demand flying mobile communication for mmWave HetNets.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9048611
Pages (from-to)198-204
Number of pages7
JournalIEEE Network
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 2020


  • Training
  • Three-dimensional displays
  • IEEE 802.11 Standard
  • Wireless fidelity
  • wireless communication
  • Unmanned aerial vehicles
  • Data communication


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