3-Benzoyl-2-quinolinecarboxaldehyde has been synthesized and characterized for use as a precolumn fluorogenic reagent for the ultrahigh sensitivity determination of primary amines by micro-column liquid chromatography with laser-induced fluorescence detection. The reaction conditions and the spectral properties of the derivatives were investigated with standard amino-acids. The detection limits, with an HeCd laser operated at 442 nm, are in the low femtogram range. The linear dynamic range is at least three orders of magnitude. The separation of a standard amino-acid mixture and the high-sensitivity analysis of a hydrolysed protein sample are demonstrated.