2D Metal Oxyhalide-Derived Catalysts for Efficient CO2 Electroreduction

F. Pelayo García de Arquer, Oleksandr S. Bushuyev, Phil De Luna, Cao Thang Dinh, Ali Seifitokaldani, Makhsud I. Saidaminov, Chih Shan Tan, Li Na Quan, Andrew Proppe, Md Golam Kibria, Shana O. Kelley, David Sinton, Edward H. Sargent*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

193 Scopus citations


Electrochemical reduction of CO2 is a compelling route to store renewable electricity in the form of carbon-based fuels. Efficient electrochemical reduction of CO2 requires catalysts that combine high activity, high selectivity, and low overpotential. Extensive surface reconstruction of metal catalysts under high productivity operating conditions (high current densities, reducing potentials, and variable pH) renders the realization of tailored catalysts that maximize the exposure of the most favorable facets, the number of active sites, and the oxidation state all the more challenging. Earth-abundant transition metals such as tin, bismuth, and lead have been proven stable and product-specific, but exhibit limited partial current densities. Here, a strategy that employs bismuth oxyhalides as a template from which 2D bismuth-based catalysts are derived is reported. The BiOBr-templated catalyst exhibits a preferential exposure of highly active Bi (110) facets. Thereby, the CO2 reduction reaction selectivity is increased to over 90% Faradaic efficiency and simultaneously stable current densities of up to 200 mA cm−2 are achieved—more than a twofold increase in the production of the energy-storage liquid formic acid compared to previous best Bi catalysts.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1802858
JournalAdvanced Materials
Issue number38
StatePublished - 20 Sep 2018


  • 2D materials
  • CO electroreduction
  • catalysis
  • formate
  • metal oxyhalides


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